Gurdwara Janam Asthan (Punjabi and Urdu: گردوارہ جنم استھان ), also referred to as Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, is a highly revered gurdwara that was built at the site where the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, was believed to be born. The shrine is located in the city of Nankana Sahib, near the city of Lahore in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
The shrine is located in the town of Nankana Sahib, located approximately 65 kilometres from Lahore. Nankana Sahib had previously been known as Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī, but was eventually renamed in honour of Guru Nanak.
Gurdwara Janam Asthan is believed to be located at the site where Guru Nanak was born to Mehta Kalu and Mata Tripta.
The gurdwara forms part of an ensemble of nine important gurdwaras in Nankana Sahib. The shrine is frequently visited by Sikh yatris as part of a pilgrimage route in Pakistan.
The first gurdwara is believed to have been built at the site in the 16th century by the grandson of Guru Nanak, Baba Dharam Chand. The current gurdwara was built by Ranjit Singh in the 19th century.
86 Sikhs were killed during the 20 February 1921 Nankana massacre, which took place after a confrontation between supporters of the gurdwara’s manager, Mahant Narayan Das, and members of the reformist Akali movement who accused him of both corruption and sexual impropriety.